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This Week in Clinical Cancer Research: Mar 18, 2011


In Clinical Cancer Research this week, researchers in the UK investigate the presence of autoantibodies as immunobiomarkers for a panel of tumor-associated antigens in patients with small-cell lung cancer. Autoantibodies were detected for at least one of six antigens in 55 percent of all patients tested, the authors write, showing that the presence of an autoantibody for one or more cancer-associated antigen could aid doctors in early detection of small-cell lung cancer in high-risk individuals.

Also in Clinical Cancer Research this week, researchers in New York and Maryland team up to study the expression and regulation of the non-histone nuclear binding protein HMGA1 in advanced prostate cancer. The team says that microRNA miR-296 specifically represses the expression of HMGA1 by promoting its degradation and inhibiting its translation. Examining prostate cancer patients, the researchers add, "we found an inverse correlation between HMGA1 and miR-296 expression: high levels of HMGA1 were associated with low miR-296 expression and strongly linked to more advanced tumor grade and stage."

A research team in the UK says that the hypermethylation of CpG islands and shores around specific microRNAs and mirtrons is associated with the phenotype and presence of bladder cancer. The team identified four mirtrons and 16 microRNAs with CpG hypermethylation across 35 regions in both normal and malignant urinary tract tissue. "For several microRNAs, hypermethylation was more frequent and dense in CpG shores than islands," the authors write, "and was associated with tumor grade, stage, and prognosis. Aberrant hypermethylation of small RNAs is associated with the presence of bladder cancer, and might be of potential use as a diagnostic and prognostic biomarker, the researchers conclude.

And finally in Clinical Cancer Research this week, researchers in the UK and China examine the prognostic value of A20, ABIN-1, ABIN-2, and CARD11 mutations in gastrointestinal diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Recurrent somatic mutations were found in CARD11, A20, ABIN-1, and ABIN-2 in gastrointestinal diffuse large B-cell lymphoma patients, mutations which the researchers believe impair the genes' normal functions. Among these mutations, changes in A20 were significantly associated with poor overall survival and event-free survival. "We show further evidence of NF-κB pathway genetic abnormalities in DLBCL, which are potentially valuable in the prognosis and design of future therapeutic strategies," the authors write.

The Scan

Study Reveals New Details About Genetics of Major Cause of Female Infertility

Researchers in Nature Medicine conducted a whole-exome sequencing study of mote than a thousand patients with premature ovarian insufficiency.

Circulating Tumor DNA Shows Potential as Biomarker in Rare Childhood Cancer

A study in the Journal of Clinical Oncology has found that circulating tumor DNA levels in rhabdomyosarcoma may serve as a biomarker for prognosis.

Study Recommends Cancer Screening for Dogs Beginning Age Seven, Depending on Breed

PetDx researchers report in PLOS One that annual cancer screening for dogs should begin by age seven.

White-Tailed Deer Harbor SARS-CoV-2 Variants No Longer Infecting Humans, Study Finds

A new study in PNAS has found that white-tailed deer could act as a reservoir of SARS-CoV-2 variants no longer found among humans.