NEW YORK, Dec 21 - Science magazine has named the sequencing of the human and other genomes as the top scientific advance of 2000, the American Academy for the Advancement of Science announced Thursday.
The genome sequencing tops a list of ten leading scientific developments for the year 2000are to be published in the December 22nd issue of the journal.
The journal chose the sequencing as the number one advance because of its potential to advance human health, providing insights into cancer, aging and the immune system, according to a statement.
“A year ago, researchers had completely read the genome of only one multicellular organism, the worm, Caenorhabditis elegans ,” the statement read. “Now, sequences exist for the yet-to-be-published human genome, the fruit fly, and the plant geneticists’ favorite weed, Arabidopsis thaliana ….In the 21 st century, researchers will decipher whole families of genes and whole pathways of interactive proteins.”
The other nine achievements included high-resolution maps of ribosomes; 1.7 million year-old fossil skulls found in the Republic of Georgia; plastics that conduct electricity; discoveries about cell plasticity; evidence of water on Mars; new maps of the universe; new discoveries about hormone receptors; revelations about the asteroid EROS; and new links between quantum and classical mechanics.