Performing the sequencing were researchers from the Columbus Children's Research Institute, Ohio State University College of Medicine and Public Health, and the University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center.
The pathogen causes pediatric ear infections and diseases of the respiratory tract and is the number one reason young children are seen by pediatricians.
The researchers hope that the genome sequence, which was published in the July issue of the Journal of Bacteriology, will help them design a vaccine or novel intervention strategies for ear infections.
Ten years ago, H. influenzae was the first bacterial genome sequenced by a shotgun strategy. However, that particular strain did not cause ear infections.