Fifteen scientists collaborated on sequencing the 4.3 million base-pair genome. The project was funded by grants from several agencies including the National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy and Department of Defense, and the National Science Council of Taiwan.
The findings are featured in this month's issue of the journal Genome Research.
According to ISB, recent research suggests that evolution of the first eukaryotic organism might have resulted from the fusion of genomes from a bacterium and an archaeon. Scientists believe that understanding this and other archaeal organisms might lead to applications in energy, bioremediation, and health.