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A 'Pre-Existing Resistance'

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Two new studies published in Nature suggest that resistance to targeted cancer therapies "may be almost inevitable" if they aren't used in combination, reports MedPage Today's Michael Smith. Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center's Luis Diaz and his colleagues developed a mathematical model based on genetic testing of colorectal cancer patients suggesting that resistance may exist before treatment has even begun, Smith says. Alberto Bardelli's group at the Institute for Cancer Research and Treatment in Turin, Italy, not only found evidence of "preexisting resistance," Smith adds, but also that resistance is largely a problem when a patient is treated with a single targeted therapeutic. The solution, according to both groups, would be to use the drugs in combination.

"These resistance mutations develop by chance as cancer cells divide so that tumors always contain thousands of resistance cells," Diaz said in a statement. Co-author Bert Vogelstein adds that "long-term remissions of advanced cancers will be nearly impossible with single targeted agents."

The Scan

For Better Odds

Bloomberg reports that a child has been born following polygenic risk score screening as an embryo.

Booster Decision Expected

The New York Times reports the US Food and Drug Administration is expected to authorize a booster dose of the Pfizer-BioNTech SARS-CoV-2 vaccine this week for individuals over 65 or at high risk.

Snipping HIV Out

The Philadelphia Inquirer reports Temple University researchers are to test a gene-editing approach for treating HIV.

PLOS Papers on Cancer Risk Scores, Typhoid Fever in Colombia, Streptococcus Protection

In PLOS this week: application of cancer polygenic risk scores across ancestries, genetic diversity of typhoid fever-causing Salmonella, and more.